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Author (up) Ramajo, L.; Marba, N.; Prado, L.; Peron, S.; Lardies, M.A.; Rodriguez-Navarro, A.B.; Vargas, C.A.; Lagos, N.A.; Duarte, C.M. pdf  doi
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  Title Biomineralization changes with food supply confer juvenile scallops (Argopecten purpuratus) resistance to ocean acidification Type Journal Article
  Year 2016 Publication Global Change Biology Abbreviated Journal Glob. Change Biol.  
  Volume 22 Issue 6 Pages 2025-2037  
  Keywords food; natural variability; ocean acidification; periostracum; protein expression; resistance; tolerance  
  Abstract Future ocean acidification (OA) will affect physiological traits of marine species, with calcifying species being particularly vulnerable. As OA entails high energy demands, particularly during the rapid juvenile growth phase, food supply may play a key role in the response of marine organisms to OA. We experimentally evaluated the role of food supply in modulating physiological responses and biomineralization processes in juveniles of the Chilean scallop, Argopecten purpuratus, that were exposed to control (pH similar to 8.0) and low pH (pH similar to 7.6) conditions using three food supply treatments (high, intermediate, and low). We found that pH and food levels had additive effects on the physiological response of the juvenile scallops. Metabolic rates, shell growth, net calcification, and ingestion rates increased significantly at low pH conditions, independent of food. These physiological responses increased significantly in organisms exposed to intermediate and high levels of food supply. Hence, food supply seems to play a major role modulating organismal response by providing the energetic means to bolster the physiological response of OA stress. On the contrary, the relative expression of chitin synthase, a functional molecule for biomineralization, increased significantly in scallops exposed to low food supply and low pH, which resulted in a thicker periostracum enriched with chitin polysaccharides. Under reduced food and low pH conditions, the adaptive organismal response was to trade-off growth for the expression of biomineralization molecules and altering of the organic composition of shell periostracum, suggesting that the future performance of these calcifiers will depend on the trajectories of both OA and food supply. Thus, incorporating a suite of traits and multiple stressors in future studies of the adaptive organismal response may provide key insights on OA impacts on marine calcifiers.  
  Address [Ramajo, Laura; Marba, Nuria] Inst Mediterraneo Estudios Avanzados CSIC UIB, Global Change Dept, C Miquel Marques 21, Esporles 07190, Islas Baleares, Spain, Email: lramajo@imedea.uib-csic.es  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1354-1013 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes WOS:000378721700004 Approved no  
  Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 642  
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