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Author Morales, N.; del Rio, A.V.; Vazquez-Padin, J.R.; Mendez, R.; Campos, J.L.; Mosquera-Corral, A. pdf  doi
  Title The granular biomass properties and the acclimation period affect the partial nitritation/anammox process stability at a low temperature and ammonium concentration Type
  Year 2016 Publication Process Biochemistry Abbreviated Journal Process Biochem.  
  Volume 51 Issue 12 Pages 2134-2142  
  Keywords Anammox; AOB; Granules; Nitrogen; NOB; Partial nitritation  
  Abstract Extensive research on the anammox-based processes under mainstream conditions is currently in progress. Most studies have used a long acclimation period for the partial nitritation-anammox (PN-An) sludge at a low temperature and ammonium concentration. However, in this study, the results demonstrated that PN-An granular biomass produced under sidestream conditions (30 degrees C and 1000 mg NH4+-N/L) can operate at 15 degrees C and 50 mg NH4+-N/L without acclimation. The nitrogen removal efficiency was 70% and was stable for 60 days. The long-termoperation of the system with progressive adaptation provided important information for process optimization. Control of the dissolved oxygen (DO) concentration was crucial to maintain the balance between ammonia oxidizing bacteria (AOB) and anammox bacteria activities. A calculation of the oxygen penetration depth inside the granules is proposed to estimate an adequate DO level, which allows for the definition of the aerobic and anoxic zones that depend on the temperature, the size distribution and the granule density. However, the development of NOB was difficult to avoid with DO control alone. The selective washing-out of the floccular biomass, which contains mainly NOB, is proposed, leaving the granular fraction with the AOB and anammox bacteria in the system. (C) 2016 Published by Elsevier Ltd.  
  Address [Morales, Nicolas; del Rio, Angeles Val; Mendez, Ramon; Campos, Jose L.; Mosquera-Corral, Anuska] Univ Santiago de Compostela, Inst Technol, Dept Chem Engn, E-15705 Santiago De Compostela, Spain, Email:;  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Elsevier Sci Ltd Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language (up) Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1359-5113 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes WOS:000390733500029 Approved  
  Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 685  
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