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Author (up) Girard, A.; Roberts, C.; Simon, F.; Ordonez, J. pdf  doi
  Title Solar electricity production and taxi electrical vehicle conversion in Chile Type
  Year 2019 Publication Journal Of Cleaner Production Abbreviated Journal J. Clean Prod.  
  Volume 210 Issue Pages 1261-1269  
  Keywords Electric vehicle; Public transport; CO2 emissions; Solar charging station; Chile  
  Abstract Carbon emissions from the Chilean public transport sector have doubled between 2000 and 2013. Thus, the need to find alternative clean-air solutions is becoming increasingly critical. With this in mind, this paper addresses a solution to the aforementioned problem by studying the conversion of both taxis and “colectivos” (public taxis with defined routes) into electric vehicles (EV) to be used in the Chilean public transport sector. In Chile, 80% of taxis are Nissan V16s, meaning that all of these vehicles will be replaced and end up in landfills within the next 5-8 years. This study presents an option to give a second life to these vehicles, addressing environmental and financial issues. It compares emissions from the Nissan V16's conventional internal combustion engine (ICE) with an equivalent electric conversion prototype. Furthermore, it analyses the CO2 emissions from the EV that has been fully charged by the Chilean grid as well as one that has been charged by a solar photovoltaic system. A solar recharging station for EV taxis is designed, taking advantage of the high levels of solar radiation in Chile. The results show that EV conversion does not lead to real environmental benefits, in comparison to its ICE equivalent, when it is charged with the grid. However, the results also show a considerable decrease in cost and CO2 emissions per km travelled when using solar energy to charge the batteries. Future challenges include identifying solutions to cope with solar intermittence and minimizing CO2 emissions during periods of low radiation. (C) 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.  
  Address [Girard, Aymeric] Univ Adolfo Ibanez, Fac Ingn & Ciencias, Av Padre Hurtado 750, Altos Del Sporting, Vina Del Mar, Chile, Email:  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Elsevier Sci Ltd Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0959-6526 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes WOS:000456762600114 Approved  
  Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 975  
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