Impact Of Age-Dependent Relapse And Immunity On Malaria Dynamics
Vogt-Geisse
K
author
Lorenzo
C
author
Feng
Z
L
author
2013
English
An age-structured mathematical model for malaria is presented. The model explicitly includes the human and mosquito populations, structured by chronological age of humans. The infected human population is divided into symptomatic infectious, asymptomatic infectious and asymptomatic chronic infected individuals. The original partial differential equation (PDE) model is reduced to an ordinary differential equation (ODE) model with multiple age groups coupled by aging. The basic reproduction number R-0 is derived for the PDE model and the age group model in the case of general n age groups. We assume that infectiousness of chronic infected individuals gets triggered by bites of even susceptible mosquitoes. Our analysis points out that this assumption contributes greatly to the R0 expression and therefore needs to be further studied and understood. Numerical simulations for n = 2 age groups and a sensitivity/uncertainty analysis are presented. Results suggest that it is important not only to consider asymptomatic infectious individuals as a hidden cause for malaria transmission, but also asymptomatic chronic infections (>60%), which often get neglected due to undetectable parasite loads. These individuals represent an important reservoir for future human infectiousness. By considering age-dependent immunity types, the model helps generate insight into effective control measures, by targeting age groups in an optimal way.
Malaria
Endemic Model
Age-structure
Reproductive Number
Uncertainty and Sensitivity Analysis
WOS:000331243400002
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text
http://www.worldscientific.com/doi/abs/10.1142/S0218339013400019
files/351_Vogt-Geisse_etal2013.pdf
http://www.worldscientific.com/doi/abs/10.1142/S0218339013400019
10.1142/S0218339013400019
Vogt-Geisse_etal2013
Journal Of Biological Systems
J. Biol. Syst.
2013
World Scientific Publ Co Pte Ltd
continuing
periodical
academic journal
21
4
49 pp
0218-3390