
Asenjo, F. A., & Hojman, S. A. (2017). New nonlinear modified massless KleinGordon equation. Eur. Phys. J. C, 77(11), 5 pp.
Abstract: The massless KleinGordon equation on arbitrary curved backgrounds allows for solutions which develop “tails” inside the light cone and, therefore, do not strictly follow null geodesics as discovered by DeWitt and Brehme almost 60 years ago. A modification of the massless KleinGordon equation is presented, which always exhibits null geodesic propagation of waves on arbitrary curved spacetimes. This new equation is derived from a Lagrangian which exhibits currentcurrent interaction. Its nonlinearity is due to a selfcoupling term which is related to the quantum mechanical Bohm potential.



Asenjo, F. A., & Hojman, S. A. (2019). Correspondence between dark energy quantum cosmology and Maxwell equations. Eur. Phys. J. C, 79(9), 5 pp.
Abstract: A FriedmannRobertsonWalker cosmology with dark energy can be modelled using a quintessence field. That system is equivalent to a relativistic particle moving on a twodimensional conformal spacetime. When the quintessence behaves as a free massless scalar field in a Universe with cosmological constant, the quantized version of that theory can lead to a supersymmetric Majorana quantum cosmology. The purpose of this work is to show that such quantum cosmological model corresponds to the Maxwell equations for electromagnetic waves propagating in a medium with specific values for its relative permittivity and relative permeability. The form of those media parameters are calculated, implying that a Majorana quantum cosmology can be studied in an analogue electromagnetic system.



Asenjo, F. A., & Hojman, S. A. (2020). Casimir force induced by electromagnetic wave polarization in Kerr, Godel and BianchiI spacetimes. Eur. Phys. J. C, 80(11), 7 pp.
Abstract: Electromagnetic waves propagation on either rotating or anisotropic spacetime backgrounds (such as Kerr and Gödel metrics, or Bianchi�I metric) produce a reduction of the magnitude of Casimir forces between plates. These
curved spacetimes behave as chiral or birefringent materials producing dispersion of electromagnetic waves, in such a way that right� and left�circularly polarized light waves propagate with different phase velocities. Results are explicitly calculated for discussed cases. The difference on the wavevectors of the two polarized electromagnetic waves produces an abatement of a Casimir force which depends on the interaction between the polarization of electromagnetic
waves and the properties of the spacetime.



Asenjo, F. A., & Hojman, S. A. (2021). Nondiffracting gravitational waves. Eur. Phys. J. C, 81(1), 98.
Abstract: It is proved that accelerating nondiffracting gravitational Airy wavepackets are solutions of linearized gravity. It is also showed that Airy functions are exact solutions to Einstein equations for nonaccelerating nondiffracting gravitational wavepackets.



Caroca, R., Concha, P., Rodriguez, E., & SalgadoRebolledo, P. (2018). Generalizing the bms(3) and 2Dconformal algebras by expanding the Virasoro algebra. Eur. Phys. J. C, 78(3), 15 pp.
Abstract: By means of the Lie algebra expansion method, the centrally extended conformal algebra in two dimensions and the bms3 algebra are obtained from the Virasoro algebra. We extend this result to construct new families of expanded Virasoro algebras that turn out to be infinitedimensional lifts of the socalled Bk, Ck and Dk algebras recently introduced in the literature in the context of (super) gravity. We also show how some of these new infinitedimensional symmetries can be obtained from expanded KacMoody algebras using modified Sugawara constructions. Applications in the context of threedimensional gravity are briefly discussed.



Hojman, S. A., & Asenjo, F. A. (2018). Nongeodesic circular motion of massive spinning test bodies around a Schwarzschild field in the Lagrangian theory. Eur. Phys. J. C, 78(10), 7 pp.
Abstract: Recent interest on studying possible violations of the Equivalence Principle has led to the development of space satellite missions testing it for bodies moving on circular orbits around Earth. This experiment establishes that the validity of the equivalence principle is independent of the composition of bodies. However, the internal degrees of freedom of the bodies (such as spin) were not taken into account. In this work, it is shown exactly that the circular orbit motion of test bodies does present a departure from geodesic motion when spin effects are not negligible. Using a Lagrangian theory for spinning massive bodies, an exact solution for their circular motion is found showing that the nongeodesic behavior manifests through different tangential velocities of the test bodies, depending on the orientation of its spin with respect to the total angular momentum of the satellite. Besides, for circular orbits, spinning test bodies present no tangential acceleration. We estimate the difference of the two possible tangential velocities for the case of circular motion of spinning test bodies orbiting Earth.

