Golovach, P. A., Heggernes, P., Lima, P. T., & Montealegre, P. (2020). Finding connected secluded subgraphs. J. Comput. Syst. Sci., 113, 101–124.
Abstract: Problems related to finding induced subgraphs satisfying given properties form one of the most studied areas within graph algorithms. However, for many applications, it is desirable that the found subgraph has as few connections to the rest of the graph as possible, which gives rise to the SECLUDED PiSUBGRAPH problem. Here, input k is the size of the desired subgraph, and input t is a limit on the number of neighbors this subgraph has in the rest of the graph. This problem has been studied from a parameterized perspective, and unfortunately it turns out to be W[1]hard for many graph properties Pi, even when parameterized by k + t. We show that the situation changes when we are looking for a connected induced subgraph satisfying Pi. In particular, we show that the CONNECTED SECLUDED PiSUBGRAPH problem is FPT when parameterized by just t for many important graph properties Pi. (C) 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Golovach, P. A., Heggernes, P., Lima, P. T., & Montealegre, P. (2020). Finding Connected Secluded Subgraphs. In 12th International Symposium on Parameterized and Exact Computation (Vol. 89, pp. 1–13).
