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Goles, E., Maldonado, D., & Montealegre, P. (2021). On the complexity of asynchronous freezing cellular automata. Inf. Comput., 281, 104764.
Abstract: In this paper we study the family of freezing cellular automata (FCA) in the context of asynchronous updating schemes. A cellular automaton is called freezing if there exists an order of its states, and the transitions are only allowed to go from a lower to a higher state. A cellular automaton is asynchronous if at each time-step only one cell is updated. We define the problem ASYNCUNSTABILITY, which consists in deciding there exists a sequential updating scheme that changes the state of a given cell.
We begin showing that ASYNCUNSTABILITY is in NL for any one-dimensional FCA. Then we focus on the family of life-like freezing CA (LFCA). We study the complexity of ASYNCUNSTABILITY for all LFCA in the triangular and square grids, showing that almost all of them can be solved in NC, except for one rule for which the problem is NP-Complete. (C) 2021 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Goles, E., Maldonado, D., Montealegre, P., & Ollinger, N. (2020). On the complexity of the stability problem of binary freezing totalistic cellular automata. Inf. Comput., 274, 21 pp.
Abstract: In this paper we study the family of two-state Totalistic Freezing Cellular Automata (TFCA) defined over the triangular and square grids with von Neumann neighborhoods. We say that a Cellular Automaton is Freezing and Totalistic if the active cells remain unchanged, and the new value of an inactive cell depends only on the sum of its active neighbors. We classify all the Cellular Automata in the class of TFCA, grouping them in five different classes: the Trivial rules, Turing Universal rules, Algebraic rules, Topological rules and Fractal Growing rules. At the same time, we study in this family the STABILITY problem, consisting in deciding whether an inactive cell becomes active, given an initial configuration. We exploit the properties of the automata in each group to show that: For Algebraic and Topological Rules the STABILITY problem is in NC. For Turing Universal rules the STABILITY problem is P-Complete. (C) 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Keywords: Cellular automata; Computational complexity; Freezing cellular automata; Totalistic cellular automata; Fast parallel algorithms; P-Complete
|Goles, E., Maldonado, D., Montealegre-Barba, P., & Ollinger, N. (2018). Fast-Parallel Algorithms for Freezing Totalistic Asynchronous Cellular Automata. In Lecture Notes in Computer Sciences (Vol. 11115, pp. 406–415).|