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Dawson, R. I., Huang, C. L. X., Brahm, R., Collins, K. A., Hobson, M. J., Jordan, A., et al. (2021). Precise Transit and Radial-velocity Characterization of a Resonant Pair: The Warm Jupiter TOI-216c and Eccentric Warm Neptune TOI-216b. Astron. J., 161(4), 161.
Abstract: TOI-216 hosts a pair of warm, large exoplanets discovered by the TESS mission. These planets were found to be in or near the 2:1 resonance, and both of them exhibit transit timing variations (TTVs). Precise characterization of the planets' masses and radii, orbital properties, and resonant behavior can test theories for the origins of planets orbiting close to their stars. Previous characterization of the system using the first six sectors of TESS data suffered from a degeneracy between planet mass and orbital eccentricity. Radial-velocity measurements using HARPS, FEROS, and the Planet Finder Spectrograph break that degeneracy, and an expanded TTV baseline from TESS and an ongoing ground-based transit observing campaign increase the precision of the mass and eccentricity measurements. We determine that TOI-216c is a warm Jupiter, TOI-216b is an eccentric warm Neptune, and that they librate in 2:1 resonance with a moderate libration amplitude of deg, a small but significant free eccentricity of for TOI-216b, and a small but significant mutual inclination of 12-39 (95% confidence interval). The libration amplitude, free eccentricity, and mutual inclination imply a disturbance of TOI-216b before or after resonance capture, perhaps by an undetected third planet.
Hobson, M. J., Brahm, R., Jordan, A.., Espinoza, N., Kossakowski, D., Henning, T., et al. (2021). A Transiting Warm Giant Planet around the Young Active Star TOI-201. Astron. J., 161(5), 235.
Abstract: We present the confirmation of the eccentric warm giant planet TOI-201 b, first identified as a candidate in Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite photometry (Sectors 1-8, 10-13, and 27-28) and confirmed using groundbased photometry from Next Generation Transit Survey and radial velocities from FEROS, HARPS, CORALIE, and MINERVA-Australis. TOI-201 b orbits a young (0.87(-0.49)(+0.46)) and bright (V = 9.07 mag) F-type star with a 52.9781 day period. The planet has a mass of 0.42(-0.03)(+0.05) M-J, a radius of 1.008(-0.015)(+0.012) R-J, and an orbital eccentricity of 0.28(-0.09)(+0.06); it appears to still be undergoing fairly rapid cooling, as expected given the youth of the host star. The star also shows long-term variability in both the radial velocities and several activity indicators, which we attribute to stellar activity. The discovery and characterization of warm giant planets such as TOI-201 b are important for constraining formation and evolution theories for giant planets.