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Da Silva, C., Astals, S., Peces, M., Campos, J. L., & Guerrero, L. (2018). Biochemical methane potential (BMP) tests: Reducing test time by early parameter estimation. Waste Manage., 71, 19–24.
Abstract: Biochemical methane potential (BMP) test is a key analytical technique to assess the implementation and optimisation of anaerobic biotechnologies. However, this technique is characterised by long testing times (from 20 to > 100 days), which is not suitable for waste utilities, consulting companies or plants operators whose decision-making processes cannot be held for such a long time. This study develops a statistically robust mathematical strategy using sensitivity functions for early prediction of BMP first-order model parameters, i.e. methane yield (B-0) and kinetic constant rate (k). The minimum testing time for early parameter estimation showed a potential correlation with the k value, where (i) slowly biodegradable substrates (k <= 0.1 d(-1)) have a minimum testing times of >= 15 days, (ii) moderately biodegradable substrates (0.1 < k < 0.2 d(-1)) have a minimum testing times between 8 and 15 days, and (iii) rapidly biodegradable substrates (k > 0.2 d(-1)) have testing times lower than 7 days. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Keywords: Anaerobic digestion; Batch test; Biomethane potential; Kinetics; Modelling; Sensitivity functions