
Acena, A., Anabalon, A., Astefanesei, D., & Mann, R. (2014). Hairy planar black holes in higher dimensions. J. High Energy Phys., (1), 21 pp.
Abstract: We construct exact hairy planar black holes in Ddimensional AdS gravity. These solutions are regular except at the singularity and have stressenergy that satisfies the null energy condition. We present a detailed analysis of their thermodynamical properties and show that the first law is satisfied. We also discuss these solutions in the context of AdS/CFT duality and construct the associated cfunction.



Anabalon, A. (2012). Exact black holes and universality in the backreaction of nonlinear sigma models with a potential in (A)dS(4). J. High Energy Phys., (6), 18 pp.
Abstract: The aim of this paper is to construct accelerated, stationary and axisymmetric exact solutions of the Einstein theory with self interacting scalar fields in (A)dS4. To warm up, the backreaction of the (non)minimally coupled scalar field is solved, the scalar field equations are integrated and all the potentials compatible with the metric ansatz and Einstein gravity are found. With these results at hand the nonlinear sigma model is tackled. The scalar field Lagrangian is generic; neither the coupling to the curvature, neither the metric in the scalar manifold nor the potential, are fixed ab initio. The unique assumption in the analysis is the metric ansatz: it has the form of the most general Petrov type D vacuum solution of general relativity; it is a a cohomogeneity two Weyl rescaling of the Carter metric and therefore it has the typical PlebanskiDemianski form with two arbitrary functions of one variable and one arbitrary function of two variables. It is shown, by an straightforward manipulation of the field equations, that the metric is completely integrable without necessity of specifiying anything in the scalar Lagrangian. This results is that the backreaction of the scalar fields, within this class of metrics, is universal. The metric functions generically show an explicit dependence on a dynamical exponent that allows to smoothly connect this new family of solutions with the actual PlebanskiDemianski spacetime. The remaining field equations imply that the scalar fields follow geodesics in the scalar manifold with an affine parameter given by a nonlinear function of the spacetime coordinates and define the onshell form of the potential plus a functional equation that it has to satisfy. To further find the exact form of the potential the simplest case associated to a flat scalar manifold is taken. The most general potential compatible with the Einstein theory and the metric ansatz is constructed in this case and it is shown that it has less symmetry than the maximal compact subgroup of the coset construction. Finally, the most general family of (A) dS4 static hairy black holes is explicitly constructed and its properties are outlined.



Anabalon, A., Astefanesei, D., Choque, D., & Martinez, C. (2016). Trace anomaly and counterterms in designer gravity. J. High Energy Phys., (3), 29 pp.
Abstract: We construct concrete counterterms of the BalasubramanianKraus type for Einsteinscalar theories with designer gravity boundary conditions in AdS(4), so that the total action is fi nite onshell and satisfy a well de fi ned variational principle. We focus on scalar fi elds with the conformal mass m(2) = 2l(2) and show that the holographic mass matches the Hamiltonian mass for any boundary conditions. We compute the trace anomaly of the dual fi eld theory in the generic case, as well as when there exist logarithmic branches of nonlinear origin. As expected, the anomaly vanishes for the boundary conditions that are AdS invariant. When the anomaly does not vanish, the dual stress tensor describes a thermal gas with an equation of state related to the boundary conditions of the scalar fi eld. In the case of a vanishing anomaly, we recover the dual theory of a massless thermal gas. As an application of the formalism, we consider a general family of exact hairy black hole solutions that, for some particular values of the parameters in the moduli potential, contains solutions of fourdimensional gauged N = 8 supergravity and its omegadeformation. Using the AdS/CFT duality dictionary, they correspond to triple trace deformations of the dual fi eld theory.



Anabalon, A., Astefanesei, D., & Mann, R. (2013). Exact asymptotically flat charged hairy black holes with a dilaton potential. J. High Energy Phys., (10), 22 pp.
Abstract: We find broad classes of exact 4dimensional asymptotically flat black hole solutions in EinsteinMaxwell theories with a nonminimally coupled dilaton and its nontrivial potential. We consider a few interesting limits, in particular, a regular generalization of the dilatonic ReissnerNordstrom solution and, also, smooth deformations of supersymmetric black holes. Further examples are provided for more general dilaton potentials. We discuss the thermodynamical properties and show that the first law is satisfied. In the nonextremal case the entropy depends, as expected, on the asymptotic value of the dilaton. In the extremal limit, the entropy is determined purely in terms of charges and is independent of the asymptotic value of the dilaton. The attractor mechanism can be used as a criterion for the existence of the regular solutions. Since there is a 'competition' between the effective potential and dilaton potential, we also obtain regular extremal black hole solutions with just one U(1) gauge field turned on.



Anabalon, A., Astefanesei, D., & Oliva, J. (2015). Hairy black hole stability in AdS, quantum mechanics on the halfline and holography. J. High Energy Phys., (10), 15 pp.
Abstract: We consider the linear stability of 4dimensional hairy black holes with mixed boundary conditions in Antide Sitter spacetinie. We focus on the mass of scalar fields around the maximally supersymmetric vacuum of the gauged N = 8 supergravity in four dimensions, m(2) = 2l(2). It is shown that the Schrodinger operator on the halfline, governing the S2, H2 or R2 invariant mode around the hairy black hole, allows for nontrivial selfadjoint extensions and each of them corresponds to a class of mixed boundary conditions in the gravitational theory. Discarding the selfadjoint extensions with a negative mode impose a restriction on these boundary conditions. The restriction is given in terms of an integral of the potential in the Schrodinger operator resembling the estimate of Simon for Schrodinger operators on the real line. In the context of AdS/CFT duality, our result has a natural interpretation in terms of the field theory dual effective potential.



Anabalon, A., Canfora, F., Giacomini, A., & Oliva, J. (2012). Black holes with primary hair in gauged N=8 supergravity. J. High Energy Phys., (6), 12 pp.
Abstract: In this paper, we analyze the static solutions for the U(1)(4) consistent truncation of the maximally supersymmetric gauged supergravity in four dimensions. Using a new parametrization of the known solutions it is shown that for fixed charges there exist three Possible black hole configurations according to the pattern of symmetry breaking of the (scalars sector of the) Lagrangian. Namely a black hole without scalar fields, a black hole with a primary hair and a black hole with a secondary hair respectively. This is the first, exact, example of a black hole with a primary scalar hair, where both the black hole and the scalar fields are regular on and outside the horizon. The configurations with secondary and primary hair can be interpreted as a spontaneous symmetry breaking of discrete permutation and reflection symmetries of the action. It is shown that there exist a triple point in the thermodynamic phase space where the three solution coexist. The corresponding phase transitions are discussed and the free energies are written explicitly as function of the thermodynamic coordinates in the uncharged case. In the charged case the free energies of the primary hair and the hairless black hole are also given as functions of the thermodynamic coordinates.



Anabalon, A., Deruelle, N., & Julie, F. L. (2016). EinsteinKatz action,variational principle, Noether charges and the thermodynamics of AdSblack holes. J. High Energy Phys., (8), 15 pp.
Abstract: In this paper we describe 4dimensional gravity coupled to scalar and Maxwell fields by the EinsteinKatz action, that is, the covariant version of the “GammaGamma – GammaGamma” part of the Hilbert action supplemented by the divergence of a generalized “Katz vector”. We consider static solutions of Einstein's equations, parametrized by some integration constants, which describe an ensemble of asymptotically AdS black holes. Instead of the usual Dirichlet boundary conditions, which aim at singling out a specific solution within the ensemble, we impose that the variation of the action vanishes on shell for the broadest possible class of solutions. We will see that, when a longrange scalar “hair” is present, only subfamilies of the solutions can obey that criterion. The KatzBicakLyndenBell (“KBL”) superpotential built on this (generalized) vector will then give straightforwardly the Noether charges associated with the spacetime symmetries (that is, in the static case, the mass). Computing the action on shell, we will see next that the solutions which obey the imposed variational principle, and with Noether charges given by the KBL superpotential, satisfy the Gibbs relation, the Katz vectors playing the role of “counterterms”. Finally, we show on the specific example of dyonic black holes that the subclass selected by our variational principle satisfies the first law of thermodynamics when their mass is de fined by the KBL superpotential.



Canfora, F., Gomberoff, A., Oh, S. H., Rojas, F., & SalgadoRebolledo, P. (2019). Meronic EinsteinYangMills black hole in 5D and gravitational spin from isospin effect. J. High Energy Phys., (6), 32 pp.
Abstract: We construct an analytic black hole solution in SU(2) EinsteinYangMills theory in five dimensions supporting a Meron field. The gauge field is proportional to a pure gauge and has a nontrivial topological charge. The wouldbe singularity at the Meron core gets shielded from the exterior by the black hole horizon. The metric has only one integration constant, namely, its ADM mass, which is shown to be finite once an appropriate boundary term is added to the action. The thermodynamics is also worked out, and a firstorder phase transition, similar to the one occurring in the ReissnerNordstrom case is identified. We also show that the solution produces a spin from isospin effect, i.e., even though the theory is constructed out of bosons only, the combined system of a scalar field and this background may become fermionic. More specifically, we study scalar excitations in this purely bosonic background and find that the system describes fermionic degrees of freedom at spatial infinity. Finally, for the asymptotically AdS(5) case, we study its consequences in the context of the AdS/CFT correspondence.



Lai, D., & Munoz, D. J. (2023). Circumbinary Accretion: From Binary Stars to Massive Binary Black Holes. Annu. Rev. Astron. Astrophys., 61, 517–560.
Abstract: We review recent works on the dynamics of circumbinary accretion, including time variability, angular momentum transfer between the disk and the binary, and the secular evolution of accreting binaries. These dynamics impact stellar binary formation/evolution, circumbinary planet formation/migration, and the evolution of (super)massive black hole binaries. We discuss the dynamics and evolution of inclined/warped circumbinary disks and connect with observations of protoplanetary disks. A special kind of circumbinary accretion involves binaries embedded in big disks, which may contribute to the mergers of stellarmass black holes in AGN disks. Highlights include the following:
Circumbinary accretion is highly variable, being modulated at Pb (the binary period) or similar to 5P(b), depending on the binary eccentricity e(b) and mass ratio q(b).
The inner region of the circumbinary disk can develop coherent eccentric structure, which may modulate the accretion and affect the physical processes (e.g., planet migration) taking place in the disk.
Over long timescales, circumbinary accretion steers binaries toward equal masses, and it does not always lead to binary orbital decay. The secular orbital evolution depends on the binary parameters (e(b) and q(b)) and on the thermodynamic properties of the accreting gas.
A misaligned disk around a loweccentricity binary tends to evolve toward coplanarity due to viscous dissipation. But when e(b) is significant, the disk can evolve toward “polar alignment,” with the disk plane perpendicular to the binary plane.

