Gaspers, S., Liedloff, M., Stein, M., & Suchan, K. (2015). Complexity of splits reconstruction for lowdegree trees. Discret Appl. Math., 180, 89–100.
Abstract: Given a vertexweighted tree T, the split of an edge em T is the minimum over the weights of the two trees obtained by removing e from T, where the weight of a tree is the sum of weights of its vertices. Given a set of weighted vertices V and a multiset of integers s, we consider the problem of constructing a tree on V whose splits correspond to s. The problem is known to be NPcomplete, even when all vertices have unit weight and the maximum vertex degree of T is required to be at most 4. We show that the problem is strongly NPcomplete when T is required to be a path, the problem is NPcomplete when all vertices have unit weight and the maximum degree of T is required to be at most 3, and it remains NPcomplete when all vertices have unit weight and T is required to be a caterpillar with unbounded hair length and maximum degree at most 3. We also design polynomial time algorithms for the variant where T is required to be a path and the number of distinct vertex weights is constant, and the variant where all vertices have unit weight and T has a constant number of leaves. The latter algorithm is not only polynomial when the number of leaves, k, is a constant, but also is a fixedparameter algorithm for parameter k. Finally, we shortly discuss the problem when the vertex weights are not given but can be freely chosen by an algorithm. The considered problem is related to building libraries of chemical compounds used for drug design and discovery. In these inverse problems, the goal is to generate chemical compounds having desired structural properties, as there is a strong relation between structural invariants of the particles, such as the Wiener index and, less directly, the problem under consideration here, and physicochemical properties of the substance. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Kirk, J., Rackham, B. V., MacDonald, R. J., LopezMorales, M., Espinoza, N., Lendl, M., et al. (2021). ACCESS and LRGBEASTS: A Precise New Optical Transmission Spectrum of the Ultrahot Jupiter WASP103b. Astron. J., 162(1), 34.
Abstract: We present a new groundbased optical transmission spectrum of the ultrahot Jupiter WASP103b (Teq=2484

Pina, S., CandiaOnfray, C., Hassan, N., JaraUlloa, P., Contreras, D., & Salazar, R. (2021). Glassy Carbon Electrode Modified with C/Au Nanostructured Materials for Simultaneous Determination of Hydroquinone and Catechol in Water Matrices. Chemosensors, 9(5), 88.
Abstract: The simultaneous determination of hydroquinone and catechol was conducted in aqueous and real samples by means of differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) using a glassy carbon electrode modified with Gold Nanoparticles (AuNP) and functionalized multiwalled carbon nanotubes by drop coating. A good response was obtained in the simultaneous determination of both isomers through standard addition to samples prepared with analytical grade water and multivariate calibration by partial least squares (PLS) in winery wastewater fortified with HQ and CT from 4.0 to 150.00 mu M. A sensitivity of 0.154 mu A mu M1 and 0.107 mu A mu M1, and detection limits of 4.3 and 3.9 mu M were found for hydroquinone and catechol, respectively. We verified the reliability of the developed method by simultaneously screening analytes in spiked tap water and industrial wastewater, achieving recoveries over 80%. In addition, this paper demonstrates the applicability of chemometric tools for the simultaneous quantification of both isomers in real matrices, obtaining prediction errors of lower than 10% in fortified wastewater.

Torres, R., Manriquez, P. H., Duarte, C., Navarro, J. M., Lagos, N. A., Vargas, C. A., et al. (2013). Evaluation of a semiautomatic system for longterm seawater carbonate chemistry manipulation. Rev. Chil. Hist. Nat., 86(4), 443–451.
Abstract: The assessment of the effects of Ocean Acidification (OA) on marine life has received increasing attention in recent marine research. On a mesocosmic scale, the CO2 levels in seawater can be manipulated to evaluate experimentally the consequences of OA on marine organisms (vertebrates and invertebrates). An ideal manipulation of carbonate chemistry should mimic exactly the changes to carbonate chemistry, which will occur in years to come. Although some methods have been described in the literature, here we describe in detail a simple, robust and inexpensive system to produce CO2enriched seawater by bubbling the seawater with airCO2 mixtures. The system uses mass flow controllers (MFC) to blend atmospheric air with pure CO2 to produce two pCO(2) levels. The airCO2 mixtures are delivered continuously to seawater equilibration reservoirs, and simultaneously to an infrared CO2 analyser to verify CO2 levels in the airCO2 mixture delivered to the equilibration tanks. We monitored both pH and total alkalinity in the equilibration reservoirs over a period of one year in order to document the longterm performance of this system for simulating the future carbonate chemistry of seawater in a coastal laboratory. System performance was sufficient to maintain three contrasting (e.g., 397, 709 and 1032 matm) and relatively constant (the coefficient of variability was 11 %, 9 % and 9 % respectively) seawater pCO(2) during a yearlong monitoring.
