Cando, M. A., Hube, M. A., Parra, P. F., & Arteta, C. A. (2020). Effect of stiffness on the seismic performance of code conforming reinforced concrete shear wall buildings. Eng. Struct., 219, 14 pp.
Abstract: This study assesses the effect of the stiffness on the seismic performance of residential shear wall buildings designed according to current Chilean regulations, including DS60 and DS61. Specifically, the paper focuses on the effect of stiffness on the building overstrength, displacement ductility, fragility for Life Safety (LS) and collapse limit states, as well as the probability of achieving these two limits states in 50 years. The seismic performance is assessed for a group of four 20 story residential shear wall buildings archetypes located in Santiago. Walls were modeled using the multiple vertical line element model (MVLEM) with inelastic hysteretic materials for the vertical elements, and a linear elastic shear behavior. Pushover analyses were considered to estimate the buildings overstrength and displacement ductility, while incremental dynamic analyses were per formed to estimate fragility curves. A probabilistic seismic hazard analysis, which considered the seismicity of Chile central zone, was performed to estimate the probability of achieving the two limits states in 50 years. The results show that an increase in the stiffness reduces the chance of exceeding the LS and collapse limit states for the same intensity level. Additionally, the probabilistic seismic hazard analysis shows that, when the stiffness increases, the probability of reaching the LS limit state in 50 years also decreases. Counterintuitively, the probability of collapse in 50 years increases as the stiffness increases, due to the considered seismic hazard and the design requirements. Since society is moving towards resilient structural designs that minimize damage, disruption and economic losses, it is concluded that the performance of reinforced concrete shear wall buildings is improved by increasing the stiffness.

Ugalde, D., LopezGarcia, D., & Parra, P. F. (2020). Fragilitybased analysis of the influence of effective stiffness of reinforced concrete members in shear wall buildings. Bull. Earthq. Eng., 18(5), 2061–2082.
Abstract: When modeling RC shear wall buildings for seismic analysis there is little consensus in the literature on the appropriate value of the wall effective shear stiffness (GA(eff)) and the slab effective bending stiffness (EIeff). A probabilistic analysis based on fragility curves is a robust technique to assess the influence of these parameters on the expected seismic performance, but such studies are scarce because they require computationally expensive analysis such as Incremental Dynamic Analysis (IDA). In this paper, fragility curves are developed following the recently introduced SPO2FRAG procedure, a simplified methodology that does not require IDA but the computationally more affordable incremental static (pushover) analysis. The fragility curves provided by SPO2FRAG are used to evaluate the influence of the values of GA(eff) and EIeff on the analytical seismic response of full 3D nonlinear models of two actual (and representative) residential wall buildings of 17 and 26 stories located in Santiago (Chile). The accuracy of SPO2FRAG is also evaluated through comparisons with empirical fragilities.
