Cisternas, J., Mellado, P., Urbina, F., Portilla, C., Carrasco, M., & Concha, A. (2021). Stable and unstable trajectories in a dipolar chain. Phys. Rev. B, 103(13), 134443.
Abstract: In classical mechanics, solutions can be classified according to their stability. Each of them is part of the possible trajectories of the system. However, the signatures of unstable solutions are hard to observe in an experiment, and most of the times if the experimental realization is adiabatic, they are considered just a nuisance. Here we use a small number of XY magnetic dipoles subject to an external magnetic field for studying the origin of their collective magnetic response. Using bifurcation theory we have found all the possible solutions being stable or unstable, and explored how those solutions are naturally connected by points where the symmetries of the system are lost or restored. Unstable solutions that reveal the symmetries of the system are found to be the culprit that shape hysteresis loops in this system. The complexity of the solutions for the nonlinear dynamics is analyzed using the concept of boundary basin entropy, finding that the damping timescale is critical for the emergence of fractal structures in the basins of attraction. Furthermore, we numerically found domain wall solutions that are the smallest possible realizations of transverse walls and vortex walls in magnetism. We experimentally confirmed their existence and stability showing that our system is a suitable platform to study domain wall dynamics at the macroscale.

Salas, R., Allende, H., Moreno, S., & Saavedra, C. (2005). Flexible Architecture of Self Organizing Maps for changing environments. Lect. Notes Comput. Sc., 3773, 642–653.
Abstract: Catastrophic Interference is a well known problem of Artificial Neural Networks (ANN) learning algorithms where the ANN forget useful knowledge while learning from new data. Furthermore the structure of most neural models must be chosen in advance. In this paper we introduce a hybrid algorithm called Flexible Architecture of Self Organizing Maps (FASOM) that overcomes the Catastrophic Interference and preserves the topology of Clustered data in changing environments. The model consists in K receptive fields of self organizing maps. Each Receptive Field projects highdimensional data of the input space onto a neuron position in a lowdimensional output space grid by dynamically adapting its structure to a specific region of the input space. Furthermore the FASOM model automatically finds the number of maps and prototypes needed to successfully adapt to the data. The model has the capability of both growing its structure when novel clusters appears and gradually forgets when the data volume is reduced in its receptive fields. Finally we show the capabilities of our model with experimental results using synthetic sequential data sets and real world data.
