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Akhmediev, N., Kibler, B., Baronio, F., Belic, M., Zhong, W. P., Zhang, Y. Q., et al. (2016). Roadmap on optical rogue waves and extreme events. J. Opt., 18(6), 37 pp.
Abstract: The pioneering paper 'Optical rogue waves' by Solli et al (2007 Nature 450 1054) started the new subfield in optics. This work launched a great deal of activity on this novel subject. As a result, the initial concept has expanded and has been enriched by new ideas. Various approaches have been suggested since then. A fresh look at the older results and new discoveries has been undertaken, stimulated by the concept of 'optical rogue waves'. Presently, there may not by a unique view on how this new scientific term should be used and developed. There is nothing surprising when the opinion of the experts diverge in any new field of research. After all, rogue waves may appear for a multiplicity of reasons and not necessarily only in optical fibers and not only in the process of supercontinuum generation. We know by now that rogue waves may be generated by lasers, appear in wide aperture cavities, in plasmas and in a variety of other optical systems. Theorists, in turn, have suggested many other situations when rogue waves may be observed. The strict definition of a rogue wave is still an open question. For example, it has been suggested that it is defined as 'an optical pulse whose amplitude or intensity is much higher than that of the surrounding pulses'. This definition (as suggested by a peer reviewer) is clear at the intuitive level and can be easily extended to the case of spatial beams although additional clarifications are still needed. An extended definition has been presented earlier by N Akhmediev and E Pelinovsky (2010 Eur. Phys. J. Spec. Top. 185 14). Discussions along these lines are always useful and all new approaches stimulate research and encourage discoveries of new phenomena. Despite the potentially existing disagreements, the scientific terms 'optical rogue waves' and 'extreme events' do exist. Therefore coordination of our efforts in either unifying the concept or in introducing alternative definitions must be continued. From this point of view, a number of the scientists who work in this area of research have come together to present their research in a single review article that will greatly benefit all interested parties of this research direction. Whether the authors of this 'roadmap' have similar views or different from the original concept, the potential reader of the review will enrich their knowledge by encountering most of the existing views on the subject. Previously, a special issue on optical rogue waves (2013 J. Opt. 15 060201) was successful in achieving this goal but over two years have passed and more material has been published in this quickly emerging subject. Thus, it is time for a roadmap that may stimulate and encourage further research.
Keywords: rogue waves; extreme events; nonlinear optics

Clark, J. T., Addison, B. C., Okumura, J., Vach, S., Errico, A., Heitzmann, A., et al. (2023). Spinning up a Daze: TESS Uncovers a Hot Jupiter Orbiting the Rapid Rotator TOI778. Astron. J., 165(5), 207.
Abstract: NASA's Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS) mission has been uncovering a growing number of exoplanets orbiting nearby, bright stars. Most exoplanets that have been discovered by TESS orbit narrowline, slowrotating stars, facilitating the confirmation and mass determination of these worlds. We present the discovery of a hot Jupiter orbiting a rapidly rotating (v sin (i) = 35.1 +/ 1.0 km s(1) early F3Vdwarf, HD 115447 (TOI778). The transit signal taken from Sectors 10 and 37 of TESS's initial detection of the exoplanet is combined with followup groundbased photometry and velocity measurements taken from MINERVAAustralis, TRES, CORALIE, and CHIRON to confirm and characterize TOI778 b. A joint analysis of the light curves and the radial velocity measurements yields a mass, a radius, and an orbital period for TOI778 b of 2.76(0.23)(+0.24) MJ, 1.370 +/ 0.043 RJ, and similar to 4.63 days, respectively. The planet orbits a bright (V = 9.1 mag) F3dwarf with M = 1.40 +/ 0.05 Mcircle dot, R = 1.70 +/ 0.05 Rcircle dot, and log g = 4.05 +/ 0.17. We observed a spectroscopic transit of TOI778 b, which allowed us to derive a skyprojected spinorbit angle of 18 degrees +/ 11 degrees, consistent with an aligned planetary system. This discovery demonstrates the capability of smalleraperture telescopes such as MINERVAAustralis to detect the radial velocity signals produced by planets orbiting broadline, rapidly rotating stars.

Hojman, S. A., & Asenjo, F. A. (2020). Dual wavefunctions in twodimensional quantum mechanics. Phys. Lett. A, 384(13), 5 pp.
Abstract: It is shown that the Schrodinger equation for a large family of pairs of twodimensional quantum potentials possess wavefunctions for which the amplitude and the phase are interchangeable, producing two different solutions which are dual to each other. This is a property of solutions with vanishing Bohm potential. These solutions can be extended to threedimensional systems. We explicitly calculate dual solutions for physical systems, such as the repulsive harmonic oscillator and the twodimensional hydrogen atom. These dual wavefunctions are also solutions of an analogue optical system in the eikonal limit. In this case, the potential is related to the refractive index, allowing the study of this twodimensional dual wavefunction solutions with an optical (analogue) system. (C) 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Keywords: Schrodinger equation; Dual solution; Bohm potential; Twodimensions; Optics

Picozzi, A., & Rica, S. (2012). Condensation of classical optical waves beyond the cubic nonlinear Schrodinger equation. Opt. Commun., 285(24), 5440–5448.
Abstract: A completely classical nonlinear wave is known to exhibit a process of condensation whose thermodynamic properties are analogous to those of the genuine BoseEinstein condensation. So far this phenomenon of wave condensation has been studied essentially in the framework of the nonlinear Schrodinger (NLS) equation with a pure cubic Kerr nonlinearity. We study wave condensation by considering two representative generalizations of the NLS equation that are relevant to the context of nonlinear optics, the nonlocal nonlinearity and the saturable nonlinearity. For both cases we derive analytical expressions of the condensate fraction in the weakly and the strongly nonlinear regime. The theory is found in quantitative agreement with the numerical simulations of the generalized NLS equations, without adjustable parameters. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
