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Beck, A. T., Ribeiro, L. D., Valdebenito, M., & Jensen, H. (2022). Risk-Based Design of Regular Plane Frames Subject to Damage by Abnormal Events: A Conceptual Study. J. Struct. Eng., 148(1), 04021229.
Abstract: Constructed facilities should be robust with respect to the loss of load-bearing elements due to abnormal events. Yet, strengthening structures to withstand such damage has a significant impact on construction costs. Strengthening costs should be justified by the threat and should result in smaller expected costs of progressive collapse. In regular frame structures, beams and columns compete for the strengthening budget. In this paper, we present a risk-based formulation to address the optimal design of regular plane frames under element loss conditions. We address the threat probabilities for which strengthening has better cost-benefit than usual design, for different frame configurations, and study the impacts of strengthening extent and cost. The risk-based optimization reveals optimum points of compromise between competing failure modes: local bending of beams, local crushing of columns, and global pancake collapse, for frames of different aspect ratios. The conceptual study is based on a simple analytical model for progressive collapse, but it provides relevant insight for the design and strengthening of real structures.
Keywords: Risk optimization; Progressive collapse; Alternative path method; Discretionary column removal; Structural reliability; Regular frame structures; Optimal design; Probability threshold
Yuan, X. K., Liu, S. L., Valdebenito, M. A., Gu, J., & Beer, M. (2021). Efficient procedure for failure probability function estimation in augmented space. Struct. Saf., 92, 102104.
Abstract: An efficient procedure is proposed to estimate the failure probability function (FPF) with respect to design variables, which correspond to distribution parameters of basic structural random variables. The proposed procedure is based on the concept of an augmented reliability problem, which assumes the design variables as uncertain by assigning a prior distribution, transforming the FPF into an expression that includes the posterior distribution of those design variables. The novel contribution of this work consists of expressing this target posterior distribution as an integral, allowing it to be estimated by means of sampling, and no distribution fitting is needed, leading to an efficient estimation of FPF. The proposed procedure is implemented within three different simulation strategies: Monte Carlo simulation, importance sampling and subset simulation; for each of these cases, expressions for the coefficient of variation of the FPF estimate are derived. Numerical examples illustrate performance of the proposed approaches.
Keywords: RELIABILITY-BASED OPTIMIZATION; NONINTRUSIVE STOCHASTIC-ANALYSIS; STRUCTURAL RELIABILITY; SENSITIVITY ESTIMATION; HIGH DIMENSIONS; DESIGN; SYSTEMS