Barrera, J., HomemDeMello, T., Moreno, E., Pagnoncelli, B. K., & Canessa, G. (2016). Chanceconstrained problems and rare events: an importance sampling approach. Math. Program., 157(1), 153–189.
Abstract: We study chanceconstrained problems in which the constraints involve the probability of a rare event. We discuss the relevance of such problems and show that the existing samplingbased algorithms cannot be applied directly in this case, since they require an impractical number of samples to yield reasonable solutions. We argue that importance sampling (IS) techniques, combined with a Sample Average Approximation (SAA) approach, can be effectively used in such situations, provided that variance can be reduced uniformly with respect to the decision variables. We give sufficient conditions to obtain such uniform variance reduction, and prove asymptotic convergence of the combined SAAIS approach. As it often happens with IS techniques, the practical performance of the proposed approach relies on exploiting the structure of the problem under study; in our case, we work with a telecommunications problem with Bernoulli input distributions, and show how variance can be reduced uniformly over a suitable approximation of the feasibility set by choosing proper parameters for the IS distributions. Although some of the results are specific to this problem, we are able to draw general insights that can be useful for other classes of problems. We present numerical results to illustrate our findings.

Barrera, J., Cancela, H., & Moreno, E. (2015). Topological optimization of reliable networks under dependent failures. Oper. Res. Lett., 43(2), 132–136.
Abstract: We address the design problem of a reliable network. Previous work assumes that link failures are independent. We discuss the impact of dropping this assumption. We show that under a commoncause failure model, dependencies between failures can affect the optimal design. We also provide an integerprogramming formulation to solve this problem. Furthermore, we discuss how the dependence between the links that participate in the solution and those that do not can be handled. Other dependency models are discussed as well. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Espinoza, D., & Moreno, E. (2014). A primaldual aggregation algorithm for minimizing conditional valueatrisk in linear programs. Comput. Optim. Appl., 59(3), 617–638.
Abstract: Recent years have seen growing interest in coherent risk measures, especially in Conditional ValueatRisk (). Since is a convex function, it is suitable as an objective for optimization problems when we desire to minimize risk. In the case that the underlying distribution has discrete support, this problem can be formulated as a linear programming (LP) problem. Over more general distributions, recent techniques, such as the sample average approximation method, allow to approximate the solution by solving a series of sampled problems, although the latter approach may require a large number of samples when the risk measures concentrate on the tail of the underlying distributions. In this paper we propose an automatic primaldual aggregation scheme to exactly solve these special structured LPs with a very large number of scenarios. The algorithm aggregates scenarios and constraints in order to solve a smaller problem, which is automatically disaggregated using the information of its dual variables. We compare this algorithm with other common approaches found in related literature, such as an improved formulation of the full problem, cutgeneration schemes and other problemspecific approaches available in commercial software. Extensive computational experiments are performed on portfolio and general LP instances.
