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Alejo, L., Atkinson, J., Guzman-Fierro, V., & Roeckel, M. (2018). Effluent composition prediction of a two-stage anaerobic digestion process: machine learning and stoichiometry techniques. Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res., 25(21), 21149–21163.
Abstract: Computational self-adapting methods (Support Vector Machines, SVM) are compared with an analytical method in effluent composition prediction of a two-stage anaerobic digestion (AD) process. Experimental data for the AD of poultry manure were used. The analytical method considers the protein as the only source of ammonia production in AD after degradation. Total ammonia nitrogen (TAN), total solids (TS), chemical oxygen demand (COD), and total volatile solids (TVS) were measured in the influent and effluent of the process. The TAN concentration in the effluent was predicted, this being the most inhibiting and polluting compound in AD. Despite the limited data available, the SVM-based model outperformed the analytical method for the TAN prediction, achieving a relative average error of 15.2% against 43% for the analytical method. Moreover, SVM showed higher prediction accuracy in comparison with Artificial Neural Networks. This result reveals the future promise of SVM for prediction in non-linear and dynamic AD processes.
Keywords: Anaerobic digestion; Protein degradation; Machine learning; Prediction methods; Support vector machines
Ruz, G. A., Henriquez, P. A., & Mascareno, A. (2020). Sentiment analysis of Twitter data during critical events through Bayesian networks classifiers. Futur. Gener. Comp. Syst., 106, 92–104.
Abstract: Sentiment analysis through machine learning using Twitter data has become a popular topic in recent years. Here we address the problem of sentiment analysis during critical events such as natural disasters or social movements. We consider Bayesian network classifiers to perform sentiment analysis on two datasets in Spanish: the 2010 Chilean earthquake and the 2017 Catalan independence referendum. In order to automatically control the number of edges that are supported by the training examples in the Bayesian network classifier, we adopt a Bayes factor approach for this purpose, yielding more realistic networks. The results show the effectiveness of using the Bayes factor measure as well as its competitive predictive results when compared to support vector machines and random forests, given a sufficient number of training examples. Also, the resulting networks allow to identify the relations amongst words, offering interesting qualitative information to historically and socially comprehend the main features of the event dynamics. (C) 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Keywords: Bayesian network classifiers; Twitter data; Sentiment analysis; Bayes factor; Support vector machines; Random forests