Alfaro, J., Rubio, C., & San Martin, M. (2023). Cosmological Fluctuations in Delta Gravity. Universe, 9(7), 315.
Abstract: About 70% of the Universe is Dark Energy, but the physics community still does not know what it is. Delta gravity (DG) is an alternative theory of gravitation that could solve this cosmological problem. Previously, we studied the Universe's accelerated expansion, where DG was able to explain the SNeIa data successfully. In this work, we computed the cosmological fluctuations in DG that give rise to the CMB through a hydrodynamic approximation. We calculated the gauge transformations for the metric and the perfect fluid to present the equations of the evolution of cosmological fluctuations. This provided the necessary equations to solve the scalar TT power spectrum in a semianalytical way. These equations are useful for comparing the DG theory with astronomical observations and thus being able to constrain the DG cosmology.

Asenjo, F. A., & Hojman, S. A. (2023). Timedomain supersymmetry for massless scalar and electromagnetic fields in anisotropic cosmologies. Phys. Scr., 98(10), 105302.
Abstract: It is shown that any cosmological anisotropic model produces supersymmetric theories for both massless scalar and electromagnetic (abelian) fields. This supersymmetric theory is the timedomain analogue of a supersymmetric quantum mechanics algebra theory. In this case, the variations of the anisotropic scale factors of the Universe are responsible for triggering the supersymmetry. For scalar fields, the superpartner fields evolve in two different cosmological scenarios (Universes). On the other hand, for propagating electromagnetic fields, supersymmetry is manifested through its polarization degrees of freedom in one Universe. In this case, polarization degrees of freedom of electromagnetic waves, which are orthogonal to its propagation direction, become superpartners from each other. This behavior can be measured, for example, through the rotation of the plane of polarization of cosmological light.

Hojman, S. A., & Asenjo, F. A. (2024). Cosmological electromagnetic Hopfions. Phys. Scr., 99(5), 055514.
Abstract: It is shown that any mathematical solution for null electromagnetic field knots in flat spacetime is also a null field knotted solution for cosmological electromagnetic fields. This is obtained by replacing the time t > tau = integral dt/a, where a = a(t) is the scale factor of the Universe described by the FriedmanLemaitreRobertsonWalker (FLRW) cosmology, and by adequately rewriting the (empty flat spacetimes) electromagnetic fields solutions in a medium defined by the FLRW metric. We found that the dispersion (evolution) of electromagnetic Hopfions is faster on cosmological scenarios. We discuss the implications of these results for different cosmological models.

San Martín, M., & Rubio, C. (2023). Hubble tension and matter inhomogeneities: A theoretical perspective. Ann. Phys., 458, 169444.
Abstract: We have studied how local density perturbations could reconcile the Hubble tension. We reproduced a local void through a perturbed FLRW metric with a potential & phi; which depends on both time and space. This method allowed us to obtain a perturbed luminosity distance, which is compared with both local and cosmological data. However, when constraining local cosmological parameters with previous results, we found that neither ?CDM nor ?(& omega;)CDM cannot solve the Hubble tension.& COPY
