del Valle, M. A., Ramos, A. C., Diaz, F. R., & Gacitua, M. A. (2015). Electrosynthesis and Characterisation of Polymer Nanowires from Thiophene and its Oligomers. J. Braz. Chem. Soc., 26(11), 2313–2320.
Abstract: Validating methodology formerly reported, polythiophene electrosynthesised as nanowires from the monomer and some of its oligomers is now described. The work is conducted on a platinum electrode previously modified with a template that tunes the polymer growth inside the confined space of the pores. In addition, it was confirmed that the use of larger chain-length oligomers as starting unit helps to obtain more homogeneous wires, although its adhesion to the supporting substrate works against. Characterisation allows to verify the morphology and to confirm higher levels of doping/undoping of the nanostructures as compared to the corresponding bulky deposits, which points to improved macroscopic properties. It is demonstrated that this strategy allows obtaining nanowires of very small diameter, ranging from 2.8 to 4.0 nm; thus demonstrating that the use of this approach enables the direct obtainment of nanowires upon the electrode surface, with the obvious advantage that this implies.