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Fullenkamp, K., Montane, M., Caceres, G., & Araya-Letelier, G. (2019). Review and selection of EPCM as TES materials for building applications. Int. J. Sustain. Energy, 38(6), 561–582.
Abstract: In order to improve the thermal efficiency of building thermal energy storage (TES) systems, the feasibility of using encapsulated phase change materials (EPCMs) as heat storage media is analysed in this work. Specifically, the finite element method is used to perform thermal behaviour analyses of several EPCMs. These analyses include technical and economic assessments in order to identify the best combination of PCM and shell material, using as main parameters: thermal energy storage, heat transfer rate, materials cost, among others. The results show that EPCMs composed by Na2SO4 center dot 6H(2)O as PCM and covered by stainless steel highlight as TES materials.