
Anabalon, A. (2012). Exact black holes and universality in the backreaction of nonlinear sigma models with a potential in (A)dS(4). J. High Energy Phys., (6), 18 pp.
Abstract: The aim of this paper is to construct accelerated, stationary and axisymmetric exact solutions of the Einstein theory with self interacting scalar fields in (A)dS4. To warm up, the backreaction of the (non)minimally coupled scalar field is solved, the scalar field equations are integrated and all the potentials compatible with the metric ansatz and Einstein gravity are found. With these results at hand the nonlinear sigma model is tackled. The scalar field Lagrangian is generic; neither the coupling to the curvature, neither the metric in the scalar manifold nor the potential, are fixed ab initio. The unique assumption in the analysis is the metric ansatz: it has the form of the most general Petrov type D vacuum solution of general relativity; it is a a cohomogeneity two Weyl rescaling of the Carter metric and therefore it has the typical PlebanskiDemianski form with two arbitrary functions of one variable and one arbitrary function of two variables. It is shown, by an straightforward manipulation of the field equations, that the metric is completely integrable without necessity of specifiying anything in the scalar Lagrangian. This results is that the backreaction of the scalar fields, within this class of metrics, is universal. The metric functions generically show an explicit dependence on a dynamical exponent that allows to smoothly connect this new family of solutions with the actual PlebanskiDemianski spacetime. The remaining field equations imply that the scalar fields follow geodesics in the scalar manifold with an affine parameter given by a nonlinear function of the spacetime coordinates and define the onshell form of the potential plus a functional equation that it has to satisfy. To further find the exact form of the potential the simplest case associated to a flat scalar manifold is taken. The most general potential compatible with the Einstein theory and the metric ansatz is constructed in this case and it is shown that it has less symmetry than the maximal compact subgroup of the coset construction. Finally, the most general family of (A) dS4 static hairy black holes is explicitly constructed and its properties are outlined.



Anabalon, A., & Cisterna, A. (2012). Asymptotically (anti) de Sitter black holes and wormholes with a selfinteracting scalar field in four dimensions. Phys. Rev. D, 85(8), 6 pp.
Abstract: The aim of this paper is to report on the existence of a wide variety of exact solutions, ranging from black holes to wormholes, when a conformally coupled scalar field with a selfinteracting potential containing a linear, a cubic and a quartic self interaction is taken as a source of the energymomentum tensor, in the Einstein theory with a cosmological constant. Among all the solutions there are two particularly interesting. On the one hand, the spherically symmetric black holes when the cosmological constant is positive; they are shown to be everywhere regular, namely, there is no singularity neither inside nor outside the event horizon. On the other hand, there are spherically symmetric and topological wormholes that connect two asymptotically (anti) de Sitter regions with a different value for the cosmological constant. The regular black holes and the wormholes are supported by everywhere regular scalar field configurations.



Anabalon, A., & Oliva, J. (2012). Exact hairy black holes and their modification to the universal law of gravitation. Phys. Rev. D, 86(10), 5 pp.
Abstract: In this paper two things are done. First, it is pointed out the existence of exact asymptotically flat, spherically symmetric black holes when a selfinteracting, minimally coupled scalar field is the source of the Einstein equations in four dimensions. The scalar field potential is recently found to be compatible with the hairy generalization of the PlebanskiDemianski solution of general relativity. This paper describes the spherically symmetric solutions that smoothly connect the Schwarzschild black hole with its hairy counterpart. The geometry and scalar field are everywhere regular except at the usual Schwarzschildlike singularity inside the black hole. The scalar field energy momentum tensor satisfies the nullenergy condition in the static region of spacetime. The first law holds when the parameters of the scalar field potential are fixed under thermodynamical variation. Second, it is shown that an extra, dimensionless parameter, present in the hairy solution, allows to modify the gravitational field of a spherically symmetric black hole in a remarkable way. When the dimensionless parameter is increased, the scalar field generates a flat gravitational potential that, however, asymptotically matches the Schwarzschild gravitational field. Finally, it is shown that a positive cosmological constant can render the scalar field potential convex if the parameters are within a specific rank.



Anabalon, A., Canfora, F., Giacomini, A., & Oliva, J. (2012). Black holes with primary hair in gauged N=8 supergravity. J. High Energy Phys., (6), 12 pp.
Abstract: In this paper, we analyze the static solutions for the U(1)(4) consistent truncation of the maximally supersymmetric gauged supergravity in four dimensions. Using a new parametrization of the known solutions it is shown that for fixed charges there exist three Possible black hole configurations according to the pattern of symmetry breaking of the (scalars sector of the) Lagrangian. Namely a black hole without scalar fields, a black hole with a primary hair and a black hole with a secondary hair respectively. This is the first, exact, example of a black hole with a primary scalar hair, where both the black hole and the scalar fields are regular on and outside the horizon. The configurations with secondary and primary hair can be interpreted as a spontaneous symmetry breaking of discrete permutation and reflection symmetries of the action. It is shown that there exist a triple point in the thermodynamic phase space where the three solution coexist. The corresponding phase transitions are discussed and the free energies are written explicitly as function of the thermodynamic coordinates in the uncharged case. In the charged case the free energies of the primary hair and the hairless black hole are also given as functions of the thermodynamic coordinates.



Barra, F., Lund, F., Mujica, N., & Rica, S. (2012). Shear modulus of an elastic solid under external pressure as a function of temperature: The case of helium. Phys. Rev. B, 85(6), 6 pp.
Abstract: The energy of a dislocation loop in a continuum elastic solid under pressure is considered within the framework of classical mechanics. For a circular loop, this is a function with a maximum at pressures that are well within reach of experimental conditions for solid helium, suggesting, in this case, that dislocation loops can be generated by a pressureassisted thermally activated process. It is also pointed out that pinned dislocation segments can alter the shear response of solid helium by an amount consistent with current measurements, without any unpinning.



Besaury, L., Ouddane, B., Pavissich, J. P., DubrulleBrunaud, C., Gonzalez, B., & Quillet, L. (2012). Impact of copper on the abundance and diversity of sulfatereducing prokaryotes in two chilean marine sediments. Mar. Pollut. Bull., 64(10), 2135–2145.
Abstract: We studied the abundance and diversity of the sulfatereducing prokaryotes (SRPs) in two 30cm marine chilean sediment cores, one with a longterm exposure to coppermining residues, the other being a nonexposed reference sediment. The abundance of SRPs was quantified by qPCR of the dissimilatory sulfite reductase gene betasubunit (dsrB) and showed that SRPs are sensitive to high copper concentrations, as the mean number of SRPs all along the contaminated sediment was two orders of magnitude lower than in the reference sediment. SRP diversity was analyzed by using the dsrBsequencesbased PCRDGGE method and constructing gene libraries for dsrBsequences. Surprisingly, the diversity was comparable in both sediments, with dsrB sequences belonging to Desulfobacteraceae, Syntrophobacteraceae, and Desulfobulbaceae, SRP families previously described in marine sediments, and to a deep branching dsrAB lineage. The hypothesis of the presence of horizontal transfer of copper resistance genes in the microbial population of the polluted sediment is discussed. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.



Campas, O., Rojas, E., Dumais, J., & Mahadevan, L. (2012). Strategies For Cell Shape Control In TipGrowing Cells. Am. J. Bot., 99(9), 1577–1582.
Abstract: Premise of the study: Despite the large diversity in biological cell morphology, the processes that specify and control cell shape are not yet fully understood. Here we study the shape of tipgrowing, walled cells, which have evolved a polar mode of cell morphogenesis leading to characteristic filamentous cell morphologies that extend only apically. Methods: We identified the relevant parameters for the control of cell shape and derived scaling laws based on mass conservation and force balance that connect these parameters to the resulting geometrical phenotypes. These laws provide quantitative testable relations linking morphological phenotypes to the biophysical processes involved in establishing and modulating cell shape in tipgrowing, walled cells. Key results and conclusions: By comparing our theoretical results to the observed morphological variation within and across species, we found that tipgrowing cells from plant and fungal species share a common strategy to shape the cell, whereas oomycete species have evolved a different mechanism.



Canessa, E., Droop, C., & Allende, H. (2012). An improved genetic algorithm for robust design in multivariate systems. Qual. Quant., 46(2), 665–678.
Abstract: In a previous article, we presented a genetic algorithm (GA), which finds solutions to problems of robust design in multivariate systems. Based on that GA, we developed a new GA that uses a new desirability function, based on the aggregation of the observed variance of the responses and the squared deviation between the mean of each response and its corresponding target value. Additionally, we also changed the crossover operator from a onepoint to a uniform one. We used three different case studies to evaluate the performance of the new GA and also to compare it with the original one. The first case study involved using data from a univariate real system, and the other two employed data obtained from multivariate process simulators. In each of the case studies, the new GA delivered good solutions, which simultaneously adjusted the mean of each response to its corresponding target value. This performance was similar to the one of the original GA. Regarding variability reduction, the new GA worked much better than the original one. In all the case studies, the new GA delivered solutions that simultaneously decreased the standard deviation of each response to almost the minimum possible value. Thus, we conclude that the new GA performs better than the original one, especially regarding variance reduction, which was the main problem exhibited by the original GA.



Canessa, E., Vera, S., & Allende, H. (2012). A new method for estimating missing values for a genetic algorithm used in robust design. Eng. Optimiz., 44(7), 787–800.
Abstract: This article presents an improved genetic algorithm (GA), which finds solutions to problems of robust design in multivariate systems with many control and noise factors. Since some values of responses of the system might not have been obtained from the robust design experiment, but may be needed in the search process, the GA uses response surface methodology (RSM) to estimate those values. In all test cases, the GA delivered solutions that adequately adjusted the mean of the responses to their corresponding target values and with low variability. The GA found more solutions than the previous versions of the GA, which makes it easier to find a solution that may meet the tradeoff among variance reduction, mean adjustment and economic considerations. Moreover, RSM is a good method for estimating the mean and variance of the outputs of highly nonlinear systems, which makes the new GA appropriate for optimizing such systems.



Caniupan, M., Bravo, L., & Hurtado, C. A. (2012). Repairing inconsistent dimensions in data warehouses. Data Knowl. Eng., 7980, 17–39.
Abstract: A dimension in a data warehouse (DW) is a set of elements connected by a hierarchical relationship. The elements are used to view summaries of data at different levels of abstraction. In order to support an efficient processing of such summaries, a dimension is usually required to satisfy different classes of integrity constraints. In scenarios where the constraints properly capture the semantics of the DW data, but they are not satisfied by the dimension, the problem of repairing (correcting) the dimension arises. In this paper, we study the problem of repairing a dimension in the context of two main classes of integrity constraints: strictness and covering constraints. We introduce the notion of minimal repair of a dimension: a new dimension that is consistent with respect to the set of integrity constraints, which is obtained by applying a minimal number of updates to the original dimension. We study the complexity of obtaining minimal repairs, and show how they can be characterized using Datalog programs with weak constraints under the stable model semantics. (c) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.



Chaigneau, S. E., Canessa, E., & Gaete, J. (2012). Conceptual agreement theory. New Ideas Psychol., 30(2), 179–189.
Abstract: For some time now, psychological inquiry on reference has assumed that reference is achieved through causal links between words and entities (i.e., direct reference). In this view, meaning is not relevant for reference or coreference. We argue that this view may be germane to concrete objects, but not to diffuse objects (that lack clear spatiotemporal limits, thus preventing the use of direct reference in interactions). Here, we propose that meaning is the relevant dimension when referring to diffuse entities, and introduce Conceptual Agreement Theory (CAT). CAT is a mathematized theory of meaning that specifies the conditions under which two individuals (or one individual at two points in time) will infer they share a diffuse referent. We present the theory, and use stereotype stability and public opinion as case studies to illustrate the theory's use and scope. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.



Chicoisne, R., Espinoza, D., Goycoolea, M., Moreno, E., & Rubio, E. (2012). A New Algorithm for the OpenPit Mine Production Scheduling Problem. Oper. Res., 60(3), 517–528.
Abstract: For the purpose of production scheduling, openpit mines are discretized into threedimensional arrays known as block models. Production scheduling consists of deciding which blocks should be extracted, when they should be extracted, and what to do with the blocks once they are extracted. Blocks that are close to the surface should be extracted first, and capacity constraints limit the production in each time period. Since the 1960s, it has been known that this problem can be cast as an integer programming model. However, the large size of some real instances (310 million blocks, 1520 time periods) has made these models impractical for use in real planning applications, thus leading to the use of numerous heuristic methods. In this article we study a wellknown integer programming formulation of the problem that we refer to as CPIT. We propose a new decomposition method for solving the linear programming relaxation (LP) of CPIT when there is a single capacity constraint per time period. This algorithm is based on exploiting the structure of the precedenceconstrained knapsack problem and runs in O(mn log n) in which n is the number of blocks and m a function of the precedence relationships in the mine. Our computations show that we can solve, in minutes, the LP relaxation of realsized mineplanning applications with up to five million blocks and 20 time periods. Combining this with a quick rounding algorithm based on topological sorting, we obtain integer feasible solutions to the more general problem where multiple capacity constraints per time period are considered. Our implementation obtains solutions within 6% of optimality in seconds. A second heuristic step, based on local search, allows us to find solutions within 3% in one hour on all instances considered. For most instances, we obtain solutions within 12% of optimality if we let this heuristic run longer. Previous methods have been able to tackle only instances with up to 150,000 blocks and 15 time periods.



Corral, N., Anrique, N., Fernandes, D., Parrado, C., & Caceres, G. (2012). Power, placement and LEC evaluation to install CSP plants in northern Chile. Renew. Sust. Energ. Rev., 16(9), 6678–6685.
Abstract: Chile is expecting a 5.4% growth in energy consumption per year until 2030, requiring new and better solutions for the upward trend of its electricity demand. This state leads to select and study one of the potential alternatives for electricity generation: concentrated solar power (CSP) plants. Such renewable technology found in Chile a very favorable condition. Recent researches indicate Atacama Desert as one of the best regions for solar energy worldwide, having an average radiation higher than in places where CSP plants are currently implemented, e.g. Spain and USA. The aim of this study is to present an analysis of levelized energy cost (LEC) for different power capacities of CSP plants placed in distinct locations in northern Chile. The results showed that CSP plants can be implemented in Atacama Desert with LECs around 19 (sic)US$/kWh when a gasfired backup and thermal energy storage (TES) systems are fitted. This value increases to approximately 28 (sic)US$/kWh if there is no backup system. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.



De la Iglesia, R., ValenzuelaHeredia, D., Andrade, S., Correa, J., & Gonzalez, B. (2012). Composition dynamics of epilithic intertidal bacterial communities exposed to high copper levels. FEMS Microbiol. Ecol., 79(3), 720–727.
Abstract: Copper has a dual role for organisms, both as micronutrient and toxic element. Copper mining activities have an enormous ecological impact because of the extraction process and the consequent release of coppercontaining waste materials to the environment. In northern Chile, mainly in the Chanaral coastal area, this phenomenon is clearly evident. The released waste material has caused a strong modification of the area, and copper enrichment of beaches and rocky shores has provoked a decrease in the richness and diversity of many species of macroorganisms. However, the effects that copper enrichment has on microbial (e.g. bacterial epilithic) communities associated with the rocky shore environment are poorly understood. Using a cultureindependent molecular approach, field sampling and laboratory microcosm experiments, we determined the effects of copper enrichment on bacterial communities inhabiting the rocky shore environment. Field samples showed a strong effect of copper on the structure of the natural bacterial epilithic communities, and microcosm experiments demonstrated rapid changes in bacterial community when copper is added, and reversibility of this effect within 48 h after copper is removed.



Fernandes, D., Pitie, F., Caceres, G., & Baeyens, J. (2012). Thermal energy storage: “How previous findings determine current research priorities”. Energy, 39(1), 246–257.
Abstract: Thermal energy storage is an expanding field within the subject of renewable energy technologies. After a listing of the different possibilities available for energy storage, this paper provides a comparison of various materials for High Temperature Thermal Energy Storage (HTTS). Several attributes and needs of each solution are listed. One in particular is using the latent heat as one of the most efficient ways to store thermal energy. The mixture of phase change material (PCM) embedded in a metal foam is optimising the thermal properties of the material for latent heat energy storage. The results of previous studies show that mechanical and thermal properties of foam were extensively studied separately. This paper highlights the potential for an advanced study of thermomechanical properties of metal foams embedded with PCM. (c) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.



Fernandez, C., Valle, C., Saravia, F., & Allende, H. (2012). Behavior analysis of neural network ensemble algorithm on a virtual machine cluster. Neural Comput. Appl., 21(3), 535–542.
Abstract: Ensemble learning has gained considerable attention in different learning tasks including regression, classification, and clustering problems. One of the drawbacks of the ensemble is the high computational cost of training stages. Resampling local negative correlation (RLNC) is a technique that combines two wellknown methods to generate ensemble diversityresampling and error negative correlationand a finegrain parallel approach that allows us to achieve a satisfactory balance between accuracy and efficiency. In this paper, we introduce a structure of the virtual machine aimed to test diverse selection strategies of parameters in neural ensemble designs, such as RLNC. We assess the parallel performance of this approach on a virtual machine cluster based on the full virtualization paradigm, using speedup and efficiency as performance metrics, for different numbers of processors and training data sizes.



Formenti, E., Goles, E., & Martin, B. (2012). Computational Complexity of Avalanches in the Kadanoff Sandpile Model. Fundam. Inform., 115(1), 107–124.
Abstract: This paper investigates the avalanche problem AP for the Kadanoff sandpile model (KSPM). We prove that (a slight restriction of) AP is in NC1 in dimension one, leaving the general case open. Moreover, we prove that AP is Pcomplete in dimension two. The proof of this latter result is based on a reduction from the monotone circuit value problem by building logic gates and wires which work with an initial sand distribution in KSPM. These results are also related to the known prediction problem for sandpiles which is in NC1 for onedimensional sandpiles and Pcomplete for dimension 3 or higher. The computational complexity of the prediction problem remains open for the Bak's model of twodimensional sandpiles.



Freire, A. S., Moreno, E., & Vielma, J. P. (2012). An integer linear programming approach for bilinear integer programming. Oper. Res. Lett., 40(2), 74–77.
Abstract: We introduce a new Integer Linear Programming (ILP) approach for solving Integer Programming (IP) problems with bilinear objectives and linear constraints. The approach relies on a series of ILP approximations of the bilinear P. We compare this approach with standard linearization techniques on random instances and a set of realworld product bundling problems. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.



Goles, E., & Moreira, A. (2012). NumberConserving Cellular Automata and Communication Complexity: A Numerical Exploration Beyond Elementary CAs. J. Cell. Autom., 7(2), 151–165.
Abstract: We perform a numerical exploration of numberconserving cellular automata (NCCA) beyond the class of elementary CAs, in search of examples with high communication complexity. We consider some possible generalizations of the elementary rule 184 (a minimal model of traffic, which is the only nontrivial elementary NCCA). as well as the classes of NCCAs which minimally extend either the radius or the state set (with respect to the 2 states and radius 1 of the elementary case). Both for 3 states and radius 1, and for 2 stales and radius 2, NCCA appear that are conjectured to have maximal (exponential) communication complexity. Examples are given also for (conjectured) linear and quadratic behaviour.



Goles, E., & Noual, M. (2012). Disjunctive networks and update schedules. Adv. Appl. Math., 48(5), 646–662.
Abstract: In this paper, we present a study of the dynamics of disjunctive networks under all blocksequential update schedules. We also present an extension of this study to more general fair periodic update schedules, that is, periodic update schedules that do not update some elements much more often than some others. Our main aim is to classify disjunctive networks according to the robustness of their dynamics with respect to changes of their update schedules. To study this robustness, we focus on one property, that of being able to cycle dynamically. (C) 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

