
Addison, B. C., Wright, D. J., Nicholson, B. A., Cale, B., Mocnik, T., Huber, D., et al. (2021). TOI257b (HD 19916b): a warm subsaturn orbiting an evolved Ftype star. Mon. Not. Roy. Astron. Soc., 502(3), 3704–3722.
Abstract: We report the discovery of a warm subSaturn, TOI257b (HD 19916b), based on data from NASA's Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS). The transit signal was detected by TESS and confirmed to be of planetary origin based on radial velocity observations. An analysis of the TESS photometry, the MINERVAAustralis, FEROS, and HARPS radial velocities, and the asteroseismic data of the stellar oscillations reveals that TOI257b has a mass of MP = 0.138 +/ 0.023M(J) (43.9 +/ 7.3 Mcircle plus), a radius of RP = 0.639 +/ 0.013 RJ (7.16 +/ 0.15 Rcircle plus), bulk density of 0.65(0.11)(+0.12) (cgs), and period 18.38818(0.00084)(+0.00085) days. TOI257b orbits a bright (V = 7.612 mag) somewhat evolved late Ftype star with M* = 1.390 +/ 0.046(Msun), R* = 1.888 +/ 0.033 Rsun, Teff = 6075 +/ 90 K, and vsin i = 11.3 +/ 0.5 kms(1). Additionally, we find hints for a second nontransiting subSaturn mass planet on a similar to 71 day orbit using the radial velocity data. This system joins the ranks of a small number of exoplanet host stars (similar to 100) that have been characterized with asteroseismology. Warm subSaturns are rare in the known sample of exoplanets, and thus the discovery of TOI257b is important in the context of future work studying the formation and migration history of similar planetary systems.



Agostini, C. A., Armijo, F. A., Silva, C., & Nasirov, S. (2021). The role of frequency regulation remuneration schemes in an energy matrix with high penetration of renewable energy. Renew. Energy, 171, 1097–1114.
Abstract: Renewable energies (RE) in Chile and around the world have experienced outstanding growth in recent years. However, RE technologies such as solar photovoltaic and wind generate an imbalance between generation (offer) and consumption (demand) because of their intermittent and variable nature. Moreover, RE & rsquo;s natural variability makes it necessary for conventional technologies to play a significant role in adjusting for the imbalance in the electric system frequency. As variable RE penetration grows, the need for frequency regulation will increase and, depending on how those higher costs are financed, this could lead to a disincentive to invest in conventional plants that provide that service. In this paper we study the impact of increased photovoltaic energy penetration, the leading RE in Chile, on the profitability of different conventional generation technologies. Specifically, we analyze the role that the frequency control remuneration mechanism has on that impact. For this purpose, four different solar photovoltaic penetration scenarios are simulated in Chile & rsquo;s Northern System, comparing two payment criteria for frequency regulation services: i) a costbased pricing system whose payments relate to the incurred costs and ii) a marketbased pricing system where the marginal cost of providing the services is paid. The results show that as installed photovoltaic capacity increases, the average marginal cost of energy (operation cost) decreases due to a displacement of more expensive power plants, but at the same time, investment cost may increase. In the long run, contract prices change as a result of falling operational costs and rising investment cost, resulting in changes in the profitability of all technologies. Finally, while both costbased and marketbased systems reward the ability to regulate frequency, the technologies performing the regulation receive different payments for the service, affecting both their profitability and the incentives for investment.



Altimiras, F., Garcia, J. A., PalaciosGarcia, I., Hurley, M. J., Deacon, R., Gonzalez, B., et al. (2021). Altered Gut Microbiota in a Fragile X Syndrome Mouse Model. Front. Neurosci., 15, 653120.
Abstract: The human gut microbiome is the ecosystem of microorganisms that live in the human digestive system. Several studies have related gut microbiome variants to metabolic, immune and nervous system disorders. Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is a neurodevelopmental disorder considered the most common cause of inherited intellectual disability and the leading monogenetic cause of autism. The role of the gut microbiome in FXS remains largely unexplored. Here, we report the results of a gut microbiome analysis using a FXS mouse model and 16S ribosomal RNA gene sequencing. We identified alterations in the fmr1 KO2 gut microbiome associated with different bacterial species, including those in the genera Akkermansia, Sutterella, Allobaculum, Bifidobacterium, Odoribacter, Turicibacter, Flexispira, Bacteroides, and Oscillospira. Several gut bacterial metabolic pathways were significantly altered in fmr1 KO2 mice, including menaquinone degradation, catechol degradation, vitamin B6 biosynthesis, fatty acid biosynthesis, and nucleotide metabolism. Several of these metabolic pathways, including catechol degradation, nucleotide metabolism and fatty acid biosynthesis, were previously reported to be altered in children and adults with autism. The present study reports a potential association of the gut microbiome with FXS, thereby opening new possibilities for exploring reliable treatments and noninvasive biomarkers.



AlvarezMiranda, E., Chace, S., & Pereira, J. (2021). Assembly line balancing with parallel workstations. Int. J. Prod. Res., 59(21), 6486–6506.
Abstract: The simple assembly line balancing problem (SALBP) considers work division among different workstations of a serially arranged assembly process to maximise its efficiency under workload (cumulative) and technological (precedence) constraints. In this work, we consider a variant of the SALBP which allows parallel workstations. To study the effect of parallel stations, we propose a new problem (the parallel station assembly line balancing problem or PSALBP) in which the objective is to minimise the number of parallel stations required to obtain the maximum theoretical efficiency of the assembly process. We study the complexity of the problem and identify a polynomially solvable case. This result is then used as a building block for the development of a heuristic solution procedure. Finally, we carry out a computational experiment to identify the characteristics of assembly lines that may benefit from station paralleling and to evaluate the performance of the proposed heuristic.



AlvarezMiranda, E., Pereira, J., TorrezMeruvia H., & Vila, M. (2021). A Hybrid Genetic Algorithm for the Simple Assembly Line Balancing Problem with a Fixed Number of Workstations. Mathematics, 9(17), 2157.
Abstract: The assembly line balancing problem is a classical optimisation problem whose objective is to assign each production task to one of the stations on the assembly line so that the total efficiency of the line is maximized. This study proposes a novel hybrid method to solve the simple version of the problem in which the number of stations is fixed, a problem known as SALBP2. The hybrid differs from previous approaches by encoding individuals of a genetic algorithm as instances of a modified problem that contains only a subset of the solutions to the original formulation. These individuals are decoded to feasible solutions of the original problem during fitness evaluation in which the resolution of the modified problem is conducted using a dynamic programming based approach that uses new bounds to reduce its state space. Computational experiments show the efficiency of the method as it is able to obtain several new bestknown solutions for some of the benchmark instances used in the literature for comparison purposes.



Antico, F. C., Rojas, P., Briones, F., & ArayaLetelier, G. (2021). Animal fibers as water reservoirs for internal curing of mortars and their limits caused by fiber clustering. Constr. Build. Mater., 267, 120918.
Abstract: We present a bottomup experimental research to address evidence of internal curing of mortars using randomly distributed pighair as water reservoirs. Plain and reinforced mortars with pig hair ranging from 0 to 8 kg of fibers per cubic meter of mortar were prepared. The microstructures of plain and reinforced mortars were scanned using electron microscopy and the microhardnesses were measured within
the bulk cement paste and cement paste near pig fibers. Electrical resistivity, surface absorption, and residual compressive strength of mortars after freezethaw cycles were used to test the effects of internal curing caused by pig hair. Natural fibers used to reinforce mortars increase their toughness and provide
part of the necessary water for internal curing, yet internal curing originated by the addition of natural fibers is not proportional to fiber dosage; where the potential to form fiber clusters increases as fiber dosage increases. Results show that there is an optimum fiber dosage that maximizes internal curing
caused by these fibers. This study contributes to the research on reinforced mortars with natural fibers to provide sustainable solutions for construction materials.



Araneda, A. A., & Villena, M. J. (2021). Computing the CEV option pricing formula using the semiclassical approximation of path integral. J. Comput. Appl. Math., 388, 113244.
Abstract: The CEV model allows volatility to change with the underlying price, capturing a basic empirical regularity very relevant for option pricing, such as the volatility smile. Nevertheless, the standard CEV solution, using the noncentral chisquare approach, still presents high computational times. In this paper, the CEV option pricing formula is computed using the semiclassical approximation of Feynman's path integral. Our simulations show that the method is quite efficient and accurate compared to the standard CEV solution considering the pricing of European call options. (C) 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.



ArayaLetelier, G., Antico, F. C., BurbanoGarcia, C., ConchaRiedeld, J., NorambuenaContreras, J., Concha, J., et al. (2021). Experimental evaluation of adobe mixtures reinforced with jute fibers. Constr. Build. Mater., 276(2021), 122127.
Abstract: Due to their sustainability as well as physical and mechanical performance, different natural fibers, both vegetal and animal fibers, have been successfully used in adobe mixtures (AMs) to enhance properties such as cracking control, flexural toughness and water erosion resistance, among others. However, the use of jute fibers (JFs), one of the most largely produced vegetal fiber worldwide, has not been extensively studied on AMs. Consequently, this study evaluates the effects of the incorporation of varying dosages (0.5 and 2.0 wt%) and lengths (7, 15, and 30 mm) of JFs on the physical/thermal/mechanical/fracture and durability performance of AMs, a specific type of earthbased construction material widely used globally. Experimental results showed that the incorporation of 2.0 wt% dosages of JFs increased the capillary water absorption of AMs, which might affect AM durability. The latter result could be explained by the additional porosity generated by the spaces left between the JFs and the matrix of adobe, as well as the inherent water absorption of the JFs. The incorporation of JFs significantly improved the behavior of AMs in terms of thermal conductivity, drying shrinkage cracking control, flexural toughness and water erosion performance, without affecting their compressive and flexural strength. For example, flexural toughness indices were increased by 297% and crack density ratio as well as water erosion depth values were reduced by 93% and 62%, respectively, when 2.0 wt%15 mm length JFs were incorporated into AM. Since the latter combination of JF dosage and length provided the overall best results among AMs, it is recommended by this study as JFreinforcement scheme for AMs for construction applications such as adobe masonry and earth plasters.



Arbelaez, H., Bravo, V., Hernandez, R., Sierra, W., & Venegas, O. (2021). Integral transforms for logharmonic mappings. J. Inequal. Appl., 2021(1), 48.
Abstract: Bieberbach's conjecture was very important in the development of geometric function theory, not only because of the result itself, but also due to the large amount of methods that have been developed in search of its proof. It is in this context that the integral transformations of the type f(alpha)(z) = integral(z)(0)(f(zeta)/zeta)(alpha)d zeta or Falpha(z) = integral(z)(0)(f '(zeta))(alpha)d zeta appear. In this note we extend the classical problem of finding the values of alpha is an element of C for which either f(alpha) or Falpha are univalent, whenever f belongs to some subclasses of univalent mappings in D, to the case of logharmonic mappings by considering the extension of the shear construction introduced by Clunie and SheilSmall in (Clunie and SheilSmall in Ann. Acad. Sci. Fenn., Ser. A I 9:325, 1984) to this new scenario.



ArevaloRamirez, T. A., Castillo, A. H. F., Cabello, P. S. R., & Cheein, F. A. A. (2021). Single bands leaf reflectance prediction based on fuel moisture content for forestry applications. Biosyst. Eng., 202, 79–95.
Abstract: Vegetation indices can be used to perform quantitative and qualitative assessment of vegetation cover. These indices exploit the reflectance features of leaves to predict their biophysical properties. In general, there are different vegetation indices capable of describing the same biophysical parameter. For instance, vegetation water content can be inferred from at least sixteen vegetation indices, where each one uses the reflectance of leaves in different spectral bands. Therefore, if the leaf moisture content, a vegetation index and the reflectance at the wavelengths to compute the vegetation index are known, then the reflectance in other spectral bands can be computed with a bounded error. The current work proposes a method to predict, by a machine learning regressor, the leaf reflectance (spectral signature) at specific spectral bands using the information of leaf moisture content and a single vegetation index of two tree species (Pinus radiata, and Eucalyptus globulus), which constitute 97.5% of the Valparai ' so forests in Chile. Results suggest that the most suitable vegetation index to predict the spectral signature is the Leaf Water Index, which using a Kernel Ridge Regressor achieved the best prediction results, with an RMSE lower than 0.022, and an average R2 greater than 0.95 for Pinus radiata and 0.81 for Eucalyptus globulus, respectively. (c) 2020 IAgrE. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.



Asenjo, F. A., & Hojman, S. A. (2021). Accelerating solutions to diffusion equation. Eur. Phys. J. Plus., 136(6), 677.
Abstract: We report accelerating diffusive solutions to the diffusion equation with a constant diffusion tensor. The maximum values of the diffusion density evolve in an accelerating fashion described by Airy functions. We show the diffusive accelerating behavior for onedimensional systems, as well as for a general threedimensional case. We also construct a modulated modified form of the diffusion solution that retains the accelerating features.



Asenjo, F. A., & Hojman, S. A. (2021). Nondiffracting gravitational waves. Eur. Phys. J. C, 81(1), 98.
Abstract: It is proved that accelerating nondiffracting gravitational Airy wavepackets are solutions of linearized gravity. It is also showed that Airy functions are exact solutions to Einstein equations for nonaccelerating nondiffracting gravitational wavepackets.



Asenjo, F. A., & Hojman, S. A. (2021). Reply to Comment on 'Do electromagnetic waves always propagate along null geodesics?' Reply. Class. Quantum Gravity, 38(23), 238002.
Abstract: A reply to the previous article commenting on nongeodesical propagation of electromagnetic fields on gravitational backgrounds and the eikonal limit are presented.



Asenjo, F. A., Hojman, S. A., MoyaCessa, H. M., & SotoEguibar, F. (2021). Propagation of light in linear and quadratic GRIN media: The Bohm potential. Opt. Commun., 490, 126947.
Abstract: It is shown that field propagation in linear and quadratic gradientindex (GRIN) media obeys the same rules of free propagation in the sense that a field propagating in free space has a (mathematical) form that may be exported to those particular GRIN media. The Bohm potential is introduced in order to explain the reason of such behavior: it changes the dynamics by modifying the original potential . The concrete cases of two different initials conditions for each potential are analyzed.



Averbakh, I., & Pereira, J. (2021). Tree optimization based heuristics and metaheuristics in network construction problems. Comput. Oper. Res., 128, 105190.
Abstract: We consider a recently introduced class of network construction problems where edges of a transportation network need to be constructed by a server (construction crew). The server has a constant construction speed which is much lower than its travel speed, so relocation times are negligible with respect to construction times. It is required to find a construction schedule that minimizes a nondecreasing function of the times when various connections of interest become operational. Most problems of this class are strongly NPhard on general networks, but are often treeefficient, that is, polynomially solvable on trees. We develop a generic local search heuristic approach and two metaheuristics (Iterated Local Search and Tabu Search) for solving treeefficient network construction problems on general networks, and explore them computationally. Results of computational experiments indicate that the methods have excellent performance.



Aylwin, R., & JerezHanckes, C. (2021). The effect of quadrature rules on finite element solutions of Maxwell variational problems Consistency estimates on meshes with straight and curved elements. Numer. Math., 147, 903–936.
Abstract: We study the effects of numerical quadrature rules on error convergence rates when solving Maxwelltype variational problems via the curlconforming or edge finite element method. A complete a priori error analysis for the case of bounded polygonal and curved domains with nonhomogeneous coefficients is provided. We detail sufficient conditions with respect to mesh refinement and precision for the quadrature rules so as to guarantee convergence rates following that of exact numerical integration. On curved domains, we isolate the error contribution of numerical quadrature rules.



Babonneau, F., Barrera, J., & Toledo, J. (2021). Decarbonizing the Chilean Electric Power System: A Prospective Analysis of Alternative Carbon Emissions Policies. Energies, 14(16), 4768.
Abstract: In this paper, we investigate potential pathways for achieving deep reductions in CO2 emissions by 2050 in the Chilean electric power system. We simulate the evolution of the power system using a longterm planning model for policy analysis that identifies investments and operation strategies to meet demand and CO2 emissions reductions at the lowest possible cost. The model considers a simplified representation of the main transmission network and representative days to simulate operations considering the variability of demand and renewable resources at different geographical locations. We perform a scenario analysis assuming different ambitious renewable energy and emission reduction targets by 2050. As observed in other studies, we show that the incremental cost of reducing CO2 emissions without carbon capture or offset alternatives increases significantly as the system approaches zero emissions. Indeed, the carbon tax is multiplied by a factor of 4 to eliminate the last Mt of CO2 emissions, i.e., from 2000 to almost 8500 USD/tCO(2) in 2050. This result highlights the importance of implementing technologyneutral mechanisms that help investors identify the most costefficient actions to reduce CO2 emissions. Our analysis shows that Carbon Capture and Storage could permit to divide by more than two the total system cost of a 100% renewable scenario. Furthermore, it also illustrates the importance of implementing economywide carbon emissions policies that ensure that the incremental costs to reduce CO2 emissions are roughly similar across different sectors of the economy.



Baier, R. V., Raggio, J. I. C., Arancibia, C. T., Bustamante, M., Perez, L., Burda, I., et al. (2021). Structurefunction assessment of 3Dprinted porous scaffolds by a lowcost/ open source fused filament fabrication printer. Mater. Sci. Eng. CMater. Biol. Appl., 123, 111945.
Abstract: Additive manufacturing encompasses a plethora of techniques to manufacture structures from a computational model. Among them, fused filament fabrication (FFF) relies on heating thermoplastics to their fusion point and extruding the material through a nozzle in a controlled pattern. FFF is a suitable technique for tissue engineering, given that allows the fabrication of 3Dscaffolds, which are utilized for tissue regeneration purposes. The objective of this study is to assess a lowcost/opensource 3D printer (InHouse), by manufacturing both solid and porous samples with relevant microarchitecture in the physiological range (100?500 ?m pore size), using an equivalent commercial counterpart for comparison. For this, compressive tests in solid and porous scaffolds manufactured in both printers were performed, comparing the results with finite element analysis (FEA) models. Additionally, a microarchitectural analysis was done in samples from both printers, comparing the measurements of both pore size and porosity to their corresponding computeraided design (CAD) models. Moreover, a preliminary biological assessment was performed using scaffolds from our InHouse printer, measuring cell adhesion efficiency. Finally, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy ? attenuated total reflectance (FTIR?ATR) was performed to evaluate chemical changes in the material (polylactic acid) after fabrication in each printer. The results show that the InHouse printer achieved generally better mechanical behavior and resolution capacity than its commercial counterpart, by comparing with their FEA and CAD models, respectively. Moreover, a preliminary biological assessment indicates the feasibility of the InHouse printer to be used in tissue engineering applications. The results also show the influence of pore geometry on mechanical properties of 3Dscaffolds and demonstrate that properties such as the apparent elastic modulus (Eapp) can be controlled in 3Dprinted scaffolds.



Barrera, J., Beaupuits, P., Moreno, E., Moreno, R., & Munoz, F. D. (2021). Planning resilient networks against natural hazards: Understanding the importance of correlated failures and the value of flexible transmission assets. Electr. Power Syst. Res., 197, 107280.
Abstract: Natural hazards cause major power outages as a result of spatiallycorrelated failures of network components. However, these correlations between failures of individual elements are often ignored in probabilistic planning models for optimal network design. We use different types of planning models to demonstrate the impact of ignoring correlations between component failures and the value of flexible transmission assets when power systems are exposed to natural hazards. We consider a network that is hypothetically located in northern Chile, a region that is prone to earthquakes. Using a simulation model, we compute the probabilities of spatially correlated outages of transmission and substations based on information about historical earthquakes in the area. We determine optimal network designs using a deterministic reliability criterion and probabilistic models that either consider or disregard correlations among component failures. Our results show that the probability of a simultaneous failure of two transmission elements exposed to an earthquake can be up to 15 times higher than the probability simultaneous failure of the same two elements when we only consider independent component failures. Disregarding correlations of component failures changes the optimal network design significantly and increases the expected levels of curtailed demand in scenarios with spatiallycorrelated failures. We also find that, in some cases, it becomes optimal to invest in HVDC instead of AC transmission lines because the former gives the system operator the flexibility to control power flows in meshed transmission networks. This feature is particularly valuable to systems exposed to natural hazards, where network topologies in postcontingency operating conditions might differ significantly from precontingency ones.



Barroso, L., Munoz, F. D., Bezerra, B., Rudnick, H., & Cunha, G. (2021). ZeroMarginalCost Electricity Market Designs: Lessons Learned From Hydro Systems in Latin America Might Be Applicable for Decarbonization. IEEE Power Energy Mag., 19(1), 64–73.
Abstract: Large reductions in the cost of renewable energy technologies, particularly wind and solar, as well as various instruments used to achieve decarbonization targets (e.g., renewable mandates, renewable auctions, subsidies, and carbon pricing mechanisms) are driving the rapid growth of investments in these generation technologies worldwide.

